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Sunday, November 8, 2020

TITHITORAN AND CALENDAR 2021

 

TITHITORAN AND CALENDAR 2021


 We have created the Gujarati calendar of 2021 with added Gujarati flavor. In our efforts to meet the best needs of Gujaratis around the world, we are launching a Gujarati calendar for the second year. This year we have created a large Gujarati calendar so that you can create wall-paper for your PC.



In our Gujarati Calendar 2021, some Gujarati related things are added in the relevant debt boxes.


  • 4 Wednesday Sankashti Chaturthi, Karav Choth
  • 11 Wednesday Ram Ekadashi
  • 13 Friday Monthly Shivratri, Dhanteras, Pradosh Vrat (K)
  • 14 Saturday Diwali, Narak Chaturdashi
  • 15 Sunday Govardhan Puja, Kartik Amavasya
  • 16 Monday Brother Dooj, Scorpio solstice
  • 20 Friday Chhath Puja
  • 25 Wednesday Devuthan Ekadashi
  • 27 Friday Pradosh Vrat (S)
  • 30 Monday Kartik Purnima fast

Vikram Samvat was used in a number of ancient and medieval inscriptions. Although named after the legendary king Vikramaditya, the word "Vikram Samvat" does not appear in the 9th historical record before the 9th century; The same calendar system is found with other names, such as Krita and Malava. In the colonial scholarship, the era was believed to be based on the celebration of King Vikramaditya in which the Sakas were expelled from Ujjain. However, later epigraphical evidence and scholarship suggest that this theory has no historical basis. During the 9th century, epigraphical artwork began using distorted samvats (indicating that the Hindu calendar era was used as Vikram samvat); The age-based on Buddha or Mahavira continued to be used in Buddhist and Jain epics.


Vikramaditya legend

Two illustrated parts of the manuscript

Jain Sadhu Kalakacharya and Saka Raja (Kalakacharya Katha Manuscript, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Mumbai)

According to popular tradition, King Vikramaditya of Ujjain established the Vikram Samvat Yuga after defeating As Kako.



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The Kalakacharya Kathanaka (an account of the Sadhu Kalakacharya) by the Jain age Shiva Mehersarsuri gives the following details: The enraged monk enlisted the help of the uncle ruler king in Sistan. Despite heavy obstacles and miraculous support, King Ai Ka defeated Gandharvasen and took him hostage. Saraswati was returned, although Gandharvasen himself forgave. The defeated king retired to the forest, where he was killed by a tiger. His son, Vikramaditya, who grew up in the jungle, had to rule with prestige (a modern place in Maharashtra). Later, Vikramaditya invaded Ujjain and withdrew from Kas. In commemoration of this occasion, he started a new era called 'Vikram Yug'. Beginning of Ujjain Calendar BC ––-– 6 and the subsequent vegetarian calendar began in CE 78 CE. Was in reputation. [Requires full reference]


.Historical Origins

The association of the era with Vikramaditya beginning in 57 BCE is not found in any source before the 9th century CE; Earlier sources call the age "Kru" (343 and 371 CE), "Kruta", "Age of Malava race" (424) or simply "Samvat". The earliest known inscription that calls the era "Vikram" is 2 84૨. This inscription of Chauhana ruler Chandmahesna was found at Dholpur and is "Vikram Samvat 898, Vaishakha Shukla 2, Chanda" (20 April 842). The oldest inscription linking Yuga to a king named Vikramaditya dates back to 971, and the oldest literary work linking Yuga to Vikramaditya is written by the Jain writer Amitagati.


A number of writers believe that Vikram Samvat was not initiated by Vikramaditya, a title adopted by a legendary king or later king who changed his name to Yuga. V. a. Smith and d. R. Bhandarkar believed that Chandragupta II adopted the title of Vikramaditya, and changed the name of the age to "Vikram Samvat". According to Rudolf Hornley, King Yashodharman was responsible for this change. Hornell believed that he had conquered Kashmir and was "Harsh Vikramaditya" mentioned in Kalha's Rajatarangini.


Some earlier scholars believed that Vikram Samvat corresponded to the Azz era of the Indo-Scythian (5ka) king Raja Az. The matter was disputed after the discovery of Vijayamitra's inscription by Robert Brassey, which is in two eras. This theory was discredited by Falk and Bennett, who founded the Aegean era in 47–46 BCE.

Vikram Samvat Gujarati Calendar Lander is a well-known and ancient calendar used by Gujaratis in India which follows the period of continuous rotation of the Moon in relation to the Earth with the Sun or opposite the Moon. Data mining technology derives knowledge from data without any preconceived notions.

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